Just a couple of thoughts:
Type 1 and 2 are both so prevalent that many doctors do not bother to distinguish between them. The lesions tend to appear and reappear at the site of the initial exposure. Type 1 used to almost always appear as a cold sore (oral herpes). Type 2 used to appear virtually always on genitalia (genital herpes). However, NOW it is not unusual for Type 1 lesions to appear on genitalia and Type 2 to appear on the lips, nose or face (due to oral s*x, but also to auto-innoculation).
This means you can contract genital herpes from kissing, if your kissing partner has Type 2 lesions on the part you are kissing. It would look like a cold sore (Type 1) on your mouth, but lab work would identify it as Type 2 (genital herpes).
Auto-innoculation occurs when a person re-infects herself by transferring the virus from an active lesion to another area of her body. The most susceptible areas are broken skin or mucus membranes, but lesions can occur ANYWHERE.
An unborn baby is at greatest risk when the pregnant mother is experiencing the PRIMARY (first-time) shedding of the virus. If the lesion is internal she may not realize what is happening. Furthermore, I have read that the virus can shed without a discernible lesion. Subsequent lesions and shedding tend to be less, so the risk to the baby is less. Anti-viral herbs and supplements can go a long way toward protecting mother and baby. A knowledgeable midwife could recommend several. An OB/GYN would prescribe Acyclovir.
Remember this is a virus and viruses can remain viable on any surface, wet or dry, much longer than bacteria can, so good hygiene (not sharing drinking glasses, disinfecting toothbrushes, not touching lesions, handwashing, hot, soapy water, etc.) is essential. GSE is a powerful disinfectant for treating lesions and general cleaning.
Lysine is a very helpful amino acid for suppressing outbreaks of Type 1 or Type 2 sores, but it is not a cure.
Dr. Stephanie Cave (an integrative physician in Baton Rouge) said that heavy metals make the body more susceptible to all kinds of nasties: viruses, cancers, yeast. You won't wipe those out until you get the metals out. So frequent herpes outbreaks signals 1) a suppressed immune system, 2) stress, and 3) very probably metals contamination.